Use the zoom function to change the view to show more or fewer cells in the window. For more about zoom, see Chapter 1 (Introducing Apache OpenOffice) in this book.
Freezing Rows and Columns
Freezing locks a number of rows at the top of a spreadsheet or a number of columns on the left of a spreadsheet or both. Then when scrolling around within the sheet, any frozen columns and rows remain in view.
Figure 79 shows some frozen rows and columns. The heavier horizontal line between rows 3 and 14 and the heavier vertical line between columns C and H denote the frozen areas. Rows 4 through 13 and columns D through G have been scrolled off the page. The first three rows and columns remained because they are frozen into place.
You can set the freeze point at a row, a column, or both a row and a column as in Figure 79.
Freezing single rows or columns
- Click on the header for the row below where you want the freeze or for the column to the right of where you want the freeze.
- Choose Window → Freeze.
- A dark line appears, indicating where the freeze is put.
Freezing a row and a column
- Click into the cell that is immediately below the row you want frozen and immediately to the right of the column you want frozen.
- Choose Window → Freeze.
- Two lines appear on the screen, a horizontal line above this cell and a vertical line to the left of this cell. Now as you scroll around the screen, everything above and to the left of these lines will remain in view.
To unfreeze rows or columns, choose Window → Freeze. The check mark by Freeze will vanish.
Splitting the Screen
Another way to change the view is by splitting the window, also known as splitting the screen. The screen can be split either horizontally or vertically or both. You can therefore have up to four portions of the spreadsheet in view at any one time.
Why would you want to do this? Imagine you have a large spreadsheet and one of the cells has a number in it which is used by three formulas in other cells. Using the split screen technique, you can position the cell containing the number in one section and each of the cells with formulas in the other sections. Then you can change the number in the cell and watch how it affects each of the formulas.
Splitting the Screen Horizontally
To split the screen horizontally:
1. Move the mouse pointer into the vertical scroll bar, on the right-hand side of the screen, and place it over the small button at the top with the black triangle. Immediately above this button, you will see a thick black line.
Figure 81: Split screen bar on vertical scroll bar
2. Move the mouse pointer over this line, and it turns into a line with two arrows, as in Figure 82.
3. Hold down the left mouse button. A gray line appears, running across the page. Drag the mouse downwards and this line follows.
4. Release the mouse button and the screen splits into two views, each with its own vertical scroll bar. You can scroll the upper and lower parts independently.
Notice in Figure 80, the Beta and the A0 values are in the upper part of the window and other calculations are in the lower part. Thus, you can make changes to the Beta and A0 values and watch their effects on the calculations in the lower half of the window.
|You can also split the screen using a menu command. Click in a cell immediately below and to the right of where you wish the screen to be split, and choose Window → Split.|
Splitting the Screen Vertically
To split the screen vertically:
- Move the mouse pointer into the horizontal scroll bar at the bottom of the screen and place it over the small button on the right with the black triangle. Immediately to the right of this button is a thick black line.
- Move the mouse pointer over this line, and it turns into a line with two arrows.
- Hold down the left mouse button, and a gray line appears, running up the page. Drag the mouse to the left and this line follows.
- Release the mouse button and the screen is split into two views, each with its own horizontal scroll bar. You can scroll the left and right parts of the window independently.
Removing Split Views
To remove a split view, do any of the following:
- Double-click on each split line.
- Click on and drag the split lines back to their places at the ends of the scroll bars.
- Choose Window → Split to remove all split lines at the same time.
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