Accessing the UNO API
In OpenOffice Basic, the interaction between Basic and UNO is described on an elementary level. This section describes the interface between Basic and the UNO API at the level of the Apache OpenOffice application.
This is realized by two predefined Basic properties:
StarDesktop gives access to the global Apache OpenOffice application API while the property
ThisComponent accesses the document related API.
StarDesktop is a shortcut for the service com.sun.star.frame.Desktop.
MsgBox StarDesktop.Dbg_SupportedInterfaces ' is the same as Dim oDesktop oDesktop = CreateUnoService( "com.sun.star.frame.Desktop" ) MsgBox oDesktop.Dbg_SupportedInterfaces
The displayed message box differs slightly because
Dbg_SupportedInterfaces displays "StarDesktop" as an object type of the desktop object in the first case and "com.sun.star.frame.Desktop" in the second. But the two objects are the same.
ThisComponent is used from document Basic, where it represents the document the Basic belongs to. The type of object accessed by
ThisComponent depends on the document type. The following example shows the differences.
Basic module in a Apache OpenOffice document:
Sub Main MsgBox ThisComponent.Dbg_SupportedInterfaces End Sub
The execution of this Basic routine shows different results for a Text, Spreadsheet and Presentation document. Depending on the document type, a different set of interfaces are supported by the object. A portion of the interfaces are common to all these document types representing the general functionality that documents of any type offer. In particular, all Apache OpenOffice documents support the com.sun.star.document.OfficeDocument service, including the interfaces com.sun.star.frame.XStorable and com.sun.star.view.XPrintable. Another interface is com.sun.star.frame.XModel.
The following list shows the interfaces supported by all document types:
For more information about the functionality of these interfaces, see Frame-Controller-Model Paradigm in Apache OpenOffice. This section also goes into detail about the general document API.
In addition to the common services or interfaces, each document type supports specific services or interfaces. The following list outlines the supported services and important interfaces:
A Text document supports:
- The service com.sun.star.text.TextDocument supports the interface com.sun.star.text.XTextDocument.
- Several interfaces, especially from the com.sun.star.text package.
A Spreadsheet document supports:
- The service com.sun.star.sheet.SpreadsheetDocument,
- The service com.sun.star.sheet.SpreadsheetDocumentSettings.
- Several other interfaces, especially from the com.sun.star.sheet package.
Presentation and Drawing documents support:
- The service com.sun.star.drawing.DrawingDocument.
- Several other interfaces, especially from the com.sun.star.drawing package.
As previously mentioned,
ThisComponent is used from document Basic, but it is also possible to use it from application Basic. In an application wide Basic module,
ThisComponent is identical to the current component that can also be accessed through
StarDesktop.CurrentComponent. The only difference between the two is that if the BasicIDE is active,
StarDesktop.CurrentComponent refers to the BasicIDE itself while
ThisComponent always refers to the component that was active before the BasicIDE became the top window.
ThisDatabaseDocument, introduced since OpenOffice.org 3.1, is only used from a Basic code which is embedded in a Base document. It refers to the Base document model.
Typically, when a macro is started by an event from a Form of the Base document,
ThisDatabaseDocument represents the Base document, whereas
ThisComponent refers to the Form document.
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