# Documentation/How Tos/Calc: DSUM function

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CALC FUNCTIONS

## Contents

## DSUM

Sums the cells in a column of a Calc 'database' table, in rows which meet specified criteria.

### Syntax:

**DSUM(database_table; field; criteria_table)**

where

is a range defining the data to be processed.**database_table**

is the column to sum. It may be a column number (1 is the first column of the database table, 2 is the second ...) or a column header (enclosed in quotation marks ””) or a cell referring to a column header.**field**

is a range containing criteria, which are used to select which rows of the**criteria_table**to sum.**database_table**

The Database functions overview fully describes the use of these parameters.

### Example:

In this spreadsheet:

A |
B |
C |
D |
E
| |

1 |
Name | Grade | Age | Distance to School | Weight |

2 |
Andy | 3 | 9 | 150 | 40 |

3 |
Betty | 4 | 10 | 1000 | 42 |

4 |
Charles | 3 | 10 | 300 | 51 |

5 |
Daniel | 5 | 11 | 1200 | 48 |

6 |
Eva | 2 | 8 | 650 | 33 |

7 |
Frank | 2 | 7 | 300 | 42 |

8 |
Greta | 1 | 7 | 200 | 36 |

9 |
Harry | 3 | 9 | 1200 | 44 |

10 |
Irene | 2 | 8 | 1000 | 42 |

11 |
|||||

12 |
|||||

13 |
Name | Grade | Age | Distance to School | Weight |

14 |
2 |

**DSUM(A1:E10; "Distance to School"; A13:E14)**

- returns the combined distance to school of all children who are in the second grade (1950).

**DSUM(A1:E10; 4; A13:E14)**

- returns the same result.

**DSUM(A1:E10; D1; A13:E14)**

- also returns the same result.

### Similar

Using Arrays shows a similar technique:

A |
B |
C
| |

1 |
Job Ref | Employee | Cost |

2 |
1 | Andy | £30 |

3 |
2 | Betty | £40 |

4 |
3 | Charles | £30 |

5 |
3 | Daniel | £50 |

6 |
4 | Eva | £20 |

To find the total cost where Job Ref = 3 (ie £80)

**SUM( (A2:A6 = 3) * C2:C6 )**

- will SUM() values in C2:C6 where the corresponding value in A2:A6 is = 3. Note that this uses the special
**array expression**mechanism and must be entered by pressing Ctrl-Shift-Enter.

### Issues:

The OOo2.3 Help implies that ` 0` as a

`will include the entire database table. This seems to be wrong - only a single column can be summed.`

**field****See Also**