Creating Statements

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A Statement object is required to send SQL statements to the Database Management System (DBMS). A Statement object is created using createStatement() at the interface of the connection. It returns a service. This Statement is generic, that is, it does not contain any SQL command. It can be used for all kinds of SQL commands. Its main interface is

  com::sun::star::sdbc::XResultSet executeQuery( [in] string sql)
  long executeUpdate( [in] string sql)
  boolean execute( [in] string sql)
  com::sun::star::sdbc::XConnection getConnection()

Once a Statement is obtained, choose the appropriate execution method for the SQL command. For a SELECT statement, use the method executeQuery(). For UPDATE, DELETE and INSERT statements, the proper method is executeUpdate(). To have multiple result sets returned, use execute() together with the interface of the statement.

Tip.png Data definition commands, such as CREATE, DROP, ALTER, and GRANT, can be issued with executeUpdate().

Consider how an XConnection is used to create an XStatement in the following example:

  public static void executeSelect(XMultiServiceFactory _rMSF) throws {
          // retrieve the DatabaseContext and get its interface
      XNameAccess xNameAccess = (XNameAccess)UnoRuntime.queryInterface(
          XNameAccess.class, _rMSF.createInstance(""));
      // connect
      Object dataSource = xNameAccess.getByName("Ada01");
      XDataSource xDataSource = (XDataSource)UnoRuntime.queryInterface(XDataSource.class, dataSource);
      Object interactionHandler = _rMSF.createInstance("");
      XInteractionHandler xInteractionHandler = (XInteractionHandler)UnoRuntime.queryInterface(
      XInteractionHandler.class, interactionHandler);
      XCompletedConnection xCompletedConnection = (XCompletedConnection)UnoRuntime.queryInterface(
          XCompletedConnection.class, dataSource);
      XConnection xConnection = xCompletedConnection.connectWithCompletion(xInteractionHandler);
      // the connection creates a statement
      XStatement xStatement = xConnection.createStatement();
      // The XStatement interface is used to execute a SELECT command
      // Double quotes for identifiers in the SELECT string must be escaped in Java
      XResultSet xResult = xStatement.executeQuery("Select * from \"Table1\"");
      // process the result ...
      XRow xRow = (XRow)UnoRuntime.queryInterface(XRow.class, xResult);
      while (xResult != null && {

The remainder of this section discusses how to enter data into a table and retrieving the data later, using INSERT and SELECT commands with a

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