Documentation/How Tos/Calc: FTEST function
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CALC FUNCTIONS
Measures of Central Tendency
Measures of dispersion / spread
Probability and statistics
Correlation and line fitting
See also (in the Array Function category); GROWTH, LINEST, LOGEST, TREND
Ranking
Contents
FTEST
Returns the result of an F-test.
Syntax:
FTEST(data1; data2)
- data1 and data2 are ranges or arrays (possibly of different size) containing numbers, on which the F-test is performed. The F-test calculates the likelihood that two samples have the same variance.
- In effect, the sample variances of data1 and data2 are calculated. data1 and data2 are re-ordered if necessary so that data1 has the larger variance (σ_{1}) and data2 the smaller (σ_{2}), and an F_value is calculated as σ_{1}/σ_{2}. The result returned by FTEST is 2*FDIST(F_value; COUNT(data1)-1; COUNT(data2)-1). This is the two-tailed probability that the variances in data1 and data2 are not significantly different. (The internal algorithms used by Calc are more sophisticated than this).
- Advanced topic:
- The parameters data1 and data2 are always evaluated as array formulas.
Example:
FTEST({9;8;6;8}; {5;6;7})
- returns approximately 0.82. The probability that the variances of these two samples are not significantly different is about 82%. Note: a real world example would need more data than this.
Issues:
- Earlier versions of Excel and the ODFF draft specification incorrectly claimed this was a one-tailed test.