TYPE function

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Returns the type of value (number, text, etc.).



Returns the type of value as a number: 1 = number, 2 = text, 4 = logical value, 8 = formula, 16 = error value, 64 = array.
If a cell contains both an error and a formula, 16 (error value) is returned.
A blank cell is classed as a number here, and 1 is returned.



where cell C2 contains dog returns 2, because dog is text.


where cell C3 contains =NA() returns 16, because NA() returns the error value #N/A.

Advanced topic:

For more information on arrays, see Using arrays.


returns 64

{=TYPE(A1:B1)} entered as an array formula in cells A3:B3

returns 64 in cells A3:B3 (whatever the contents of cells A1 and B1), as A1:B1 is an internal array in the array formula.

TYPE(A1:B1) entered as a normal formula in both cells A3 and B3

returns TYPE(A1) in cell A3, and TYPE(B1) in cell B3. Here, Calc finds the row/column intersection of the formula cell with range A1:B1, to determine a reference to the single cell to examine.

TYPE(D1), where D1:D2 contain the array formula {={4;2}}

returns 8. Here the result is for D1's content, which although part of an array, is not the array itself.


  • Calc returns 8 for a formula. Excel returns the TYPE of the formula's returned value; it has no return value to recognize a formula.

See Also
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