# INDIRECT function

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FUNCTIONS
Other functions

## INDIRECT

Returns a reference, given a text string.

### Syntax:

INDIRECT(textref; type)

textref is a text string specifying the reference to be returned; the reference may be to a single cell or to a range.
The reference may then be used in formulas or functions requiring a reference - see the examples below.

type is an optional number; if 0, textref is taken to be in R1C1 notation, and otherwise (or if omitted) textref is taken to be in the usual A1 notation.

A named reference is recognized with either type.

### Example:

=INDIRECT("B2")

(in a cell) returns the contents of cell B2. INDIRECT("B2") returns a reference to cell B2, so this is the same as =B2.

=INDIRECT("B" & "2")

also returns the contents of cell B2. "B" & "2" becomes the text string "B2".

=INDIRECT(D3)

where cell D3 contains the text B2 returns the contents of cell B2.

=SUM(INDIRECT("A1:C3"))

returns the sum of the numbers in A1:C3.

=INDIRECT("B2"; 99)

returns the contents of cell B2. The type is non-zero, so B2 is evaluated as the usual A1 notation.

=INDIRECT("R2C3"; 0)

returns the contents of cell C2. The type is zero, so R2C3 is evaluated as R1C1 notation.

=INDIRECT("R[3]C[1]"; 0)

entered in cell B1, returns the contents of cell C4. The type is zero, so R[3]C[1] is evaluated as R1C1 notation, in this case relative to cell B1: 3 rows down and 1 column across to yield a reference to cell C4.

### Issues:

• Excel represents some cell references differently to Calc, so this function is not always portable. For example INDIRECT("Sheet2.A1") is valid in Calc, but in Excel the required form is INDIRECT("Sheet2!A1"). A portable solution might be INDIRECT(ADDRESS(1;1;4;"Sheet2")). In the case of R1C1 notation only, Calc uses the ! character to separate the sheet identifier.
• The type parameter is implemented from OOo3.0 - see Issue 91020 .
• In Excel, type is a logical value; Calc also accepts logical values, but they are displayed as numbers.
• Named cells/ranges are recognized in Calc from OOo2.4 - see Issue 4695 .