Example: Working with a Spreadsheet Document

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In this example, we will use the simple bootstrap mechanism (com.sun.star.comp.helper.Bootstrap.boostrap()) to get the remote office context of a running office instance and ask the remote service manager to give us the remote Desktop object and use its loadComponentFromURL() method to create a new spreadsheet document. From the document we get its sheets container where we insert and access a new sheet by name. In the new sheet, we enter values into A1 and A2 and summarize them in A3. The cell style of the summarizing cell gets the cell style Result, so that it appears in italics, bold and underlined. Finally, we make our new sheet the active sheet, so that the user can see it. Add the following code in a new generated NetBeans UNO client application project FirstLoadComponent:

package ooo.sdk.devguide.firststeps;
 
import com.sun.star.beans.PropertyValue;
import com.sun.star.beans.XPropertySet;
import com.sun.star.uno.XComponentContext;
import com.sun.star.comp.helper.Bootstrap;
import com.sun.star.container.XEnumeration;
import com.sun.star.container.XEnumerationAccess;
import com.sun.star.frame.XComponentLoader;
import com.sun.star.frame.XController;
import com.sun.star.frame.XModel;
import com.sun.star.lang.XComponent;
import com.sun.star.lang.XMultiComponentFactory;
import com.sun.star.sheet.XCellAddressable;
import com.sun.star.sheet.XCellRangesQuery;
import com.sun.star.sheet.XSheetCellRanges;
import com.sun.star.sheet.XSpreadsheet;
import com.sun.star.sheet.XSpreadsheetDocument;
import com.sun.star.sheet.XSpreadsheetView;
import com.sun.star.sheet.XSpreadsheets;
import com.sun.star.table.XCell;
import com.sun.star.uno.UnoRuntime;
 
public class FirstLoadComponent {
 
    /** Creates a new instance of FirstLoadComponent */
    public FirstLoadComponent() {
    }
 
    /**
     * @param args the command line arguments
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            // get the remote office component context
            XComponentContext xRemoteContext = Bootstrap.bootstrap();
            if (xRemoteContext == null) {
                System.err.println("ERROR: Could not bootstrap default Office.");
            }
 
            XMultiComponentFactory xRemoteServiceManager = xRemoteContext.getServiceManager();
 
            Object desktop = xRemoteServiceManager.createInstanceWithContext(
                "com.sun.star.frame.Desktop", xRemoteContext);
            XComponentLoader xComponentLoader = (XComponentLoader)
                UnoRuntime.queryInterface(XComponentLoader.class, desktop);
 
            PropertyValue[] loadProps = new PropertyValue[0];
            XComponent xSpreadsheetComponent = xComponentLoader.loadComponentFromURL("private:factory/scalc", "_blank", 0, loadProps);
 
            XSpreadsheetDocument xSpreadsheetDocument = (XSpreadsheetDocument)
                UnoRuntime.queryInterface(XSpreadsheetDocument.class,
                                          xSpreadsheetComponent);
 
            XSpreadsheets xSpreadsheets = xSpreadsheetDocument.getSheets();
            xSpreadsheets.insertNewByName("MySheet", (short)0);
            com.sun.star.uno.Type elemType = xSpreadsheets.getElementType();
 
            System.out.println(elemType.getTypeName());
            Object sheet = xSpreadsheets.getByName("MySheet");
            XSpreadsheet xSpreadsheet = (XSpreadsheet)UnoRuntime.queryInterface(
                XSpreadsheet.class, sheet);
 
            XCell xCell = xSpreadsheet.getCellByPosition(0, 0);
            xCell.setValue(21);
            xCell = xSpreadsheet.getCellByPosition(0, 1);
            xCell.setValue(21);
            xCell = xSpreadsheet.getCellByPosition(0, 2);
            xCell.setFormula("=sum(A1:A2)");
 
            XPropertySet xCellProps = (XPropertySet)UnoRuntime.queryInterface(
                XPropertySet.class, xCell);
            xCellProps.setPropertyValue("CellStyle", "Result");
 
            XModel xSpreadsheetModel = (XModel)UnoRuntime.queryInterface(
                XModel.class, xSpreadsheetComponent);
            XController xSpreadsheetController = xSpreadsheetModel.getCurrentController();
            XSpreadsheetView xSpreadsheetView = (XSpreadsheetView)
                UnoRuntime.queryInterface(XSpreadsheetView.class,
                                          xSpreadsheetController);
            xSpreadsheetView.setActiveSheet(xSpreadsheet);
 
            // *********************************************************
            // example for use of enum types
            xCellProps.setPropertyValue("VertJustify",
                                        com.sun.star.table.CellVertJustify.TOP);
 
 
            // *********************************************************
            // example for a sequence of PropertyValue structs
            // create an array with one PropertyValue struct, it contains
            // references only
            loadProps = new PropertyValue[1];
 
            // instantiate PropertyValue struct and set its member fields
            PropertyValue asTemplate = new PropertyValue();
            asTemplate.Name = "AsTemplate";
            asTemplate.Value = new Boolean(true);
 
            // assign PropertyValue struct to array of references for PropertyValue
            // structs
            loadProps[0] = asTemplate;
 
            // load calc file as template
            //xSpreadsheetComponent = xComponentLoader.loadComponentFromURL(
            //    "file:///c:/temp/DataAnalysys.ods", "_blank", 0, loadProps);
 
            // *********************************************************
            // example for use of XEnumerationAccess
            XCellRangesQuery xCellQuery = (XCellRangesQuery)
                UnoRuntime.queryInterface(XCellRangesQuery.class, sheet);
            XSheetCellRanges xFormulaCells = xCellQuery.queryContentCells(
                (short)com.sun.star.sheet.CellFlags.FORMULA);
            XEnumerationAccess xFormulas = xFormulaCells.getCells();
            XEnumeration xFormulaEnum = xFormulas.createEnumeration();
 
            while (xFormulaEnum.hasMoreElements()) {
                Object formulaCell = xFormulaEnum.nextElement();
                xCell = (XCell)UnoRuntime.queryInterface(XCell.class, formulaCell);
                XCellAddressable xCellAddress = (XCellAddressable)
                    UnoRuntime.queryInterface(XCellAddressable.class, xCell);
                System.out.println("Formula cell in column " +
                                   xCellAddress.getCellAddress().Column
                                   + ", row " + xCellAddress.getCellAddress().Row
                                   + " contains " + xCell.getFormula());
            }
 
        }
        catch (java.lang.Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        finally {
            System.exit( 0 );
        }
    }
 
}

Alternatively, you can add FirstLoadComponent.java from the samples directory to your current project, it contains the changes shown above.

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