Difference between revisions of "PyUNO bridge"
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Latest revision as of 23:06, 28 March 2010
The Python-UNO bridge allows users to:
- use the standard OpenOffice.org API from the well known Python scripting language.
- develop UNO components in Python (so that Python UNO components may be run within the OpenOffice.org process and can be called from Java, C++ or the OOo built-in StarBasic scripting language).
- create and invoke scripts with the office scripting framework (OOo 2.0 and later).
You can find the most current version of this document from http://udk.openoffice.org/python/python-bridge.html
You can also download this documentation for off-line work.
Download pyuno-doc.zip ( less than 0.5 MB).
The Python-UNO bridge is feature complete, but has not been used extensively and therefore may contain some bugs. It is now integrated in the OpenOffice.org source trees. (OpenOffice.org 1.0.x is not supported.)
The documentation in its current state is targeted at developers who already have some experience with OpenOffice.org API and with some other programming language (Java/C++/StarBasic). It is recommended that you read some background information from the developer manual before looking at the specifics of Python.
(Find here a shortened Spanish version of this document.)
PyUNO tutorial for OpenOffice.org
This tutorial shows how the PyUNO bridge can be used to automate OpenOffice.org. This is not an OpenOffice.org tutorial, there is lots of resources available in the office development kit and the developer manual.
Since OpenOffice.org 1.1, PyUNO is included in the default installation.
PyUNO bridge modes
PyUNO can be used in three different modes:
- Inside the OpenOffice.org process within the scripting framework (OOo 2.0 and later only !!)
- Inside the Python executable (and outside the OOo process)
Use this mode when you:
- begin to use PyUNO (as it is the more intuitive approach).
- want to trigger script execution by starting a separate process (e.g. a cgi-script within a http-server)
- want the shortest turnaround times (code - execute - code - execute ...)
"Hello World" Example
Make sure that OpenOffice.org is not running (note that on Windows you must also terminate the quick starter in the system tray at the right bottom of your desktop). Start a system shell (cmd on Win NT/2000/XP, command on Win9x, tcsh or bash on Linux/Unix). Switch to the OOo 'program' directory (e.g. C:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 2.4\program ) and start the office with the following command line parameters:
c:\Program Files\OpenOffice.org 2.4\program> soffice "-accept=socket,host=localhost,port=2002;urp;"
Now, use your favorite text editor to create the following 'hello_world.py' sample program:
import uno """ Here is the sequence of things the lines do: 1. Get the uno component context from the PyUNO runtime 2. Create the UnoUrlResolver 3. Get the central desktop object 4. Declare the ServiceManager 5. Get the central desktop object 6. Access the current writer document 7. Access the document's text property 8. Create a cursor 9. Insert the text into the document """ localContext = uno.getComponentContext() resolver = localContext.ServiceManager.createInstanceWithContext( "com.sun.star.bridge.UnoUrlResolver", localContext ) ctx = resolver.resolve( "uno:socket,host=localhost,port=2002;urp;StarOffice.ComponentContext" ) smgr = ctx.ServiceManager desktop = smgr.createInstanceWithContext( "com.sun.star.frame.Desktop",ctx) model = desktop.getCurrentComponent() text = model.Text cursor = text.createTextCursor() text.insertString( cursor, "Hello World", 0 ) """ Do a nasty thing before exiting the python process. In case the last call is a one-way call (e.g. see idl-spec of insertString), it must be forced out of the remote-bridge caches before python exits the process. Otherwise, the one-way call may or may not reach the target object. I do this here by calling a cheap synchronous call (getPropertyValue).""" ctx.ServiceManager
Now, to start the above script with the Python script located in the 'program' directory:
c:\Program Files\OpenOffice1.1\program> .\python hello_world.py
Note: You must use the script/batch file in the 'program' directory to start Python; simply starting the Python executable in the runtime directory (or from a Python installation installed somewhere else on your machine) will not work.
This script prints "Hello World" into the current writer document.