Difference between revisions of "PyUNOServer"

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echo "CHAO!"
echo "CHAO!"

Revision as of 04:29, 9 June 2007

PyUNO Logo

The PyUNOServer is a script that works as an XML server for OpenOffice.org Calc where it can exchange data through XML calls. This means that can get data from other apps that are XML compliant. You can download the script from this mirror since the original site seems to be down.

The zip file contains 3 files:

  • PyUNOServerV2.py - The Python Script
  • PyUNOServerV2.pyc - compiled version
  • PyUNOServer.sh2 - the script to conect to the service

The script have just 1 script called PyUNOServerV2.py however there is a faster, bytecode-compiled script. It also includes a bash script which loads the path to the openoffice.org application.

NOTE: This script will work on just certain distros since the location of OpenOffice.org might vary. We recomend to load the path manually.

This script uses the following libraries:

  • OS - This module provides a more portable way of using operating system dependent functionality than importing a operating system dependent built-in module like posix or nt.
  • UNO - Python UNO implementation module, this can used by python 2.3.4 only which is the python provided within openoffice.org. It provides all the interfaces from OpenOffice.org into python.
  • SYS - This module provides access to some variables used or maintained by the interpreter and to functions that interact strongly with the interpreter. It is always available.
  • time - This module provides various time-related functions. It is always available, but not all functions are available on all platforms. Most of the functions defined in this module call platform C library functions with the same name. It may sometimes be helpful to consult the platform documentation, because the semantics of these functions varies among platforms.
  • logging - Logging is performed by calling methods on instances of the Logger class (hereafter called loggers). Each instance has a name, and they are conceptually arranged in a name space hierarchy using dots (periods) as separators.
  • urllib - This module provides a high-level interface for fetching data across the World Wide Web. In particular, the urlopen() function is similar to the built-in function open(), but accepts Universal Resource Locators (URLs) instead of filenames. Some restrictions apply -- it can only open URLs for reading, and no seek operations are available.
  • SimpleXMLRPCServer - The SimpleXMLRPCServer module provides a basic server framework for XML-RPC servers written in Python. Servers can either be free standing, using SimpleXMLRPCServer, or embedded in a CGI environment, using CGIXMLRPCRequestHandler.


  1. -*- coding: iso-8859-1 -*-
  2. pyUnoServer - version 2.0

from SimpleXMLRPCServer import SimpleXMLRPCServer, SimpleXMLRPCRequestHandler import os import uno import sys import time import logging import urllib

class PyUNOServer(SimpleXMLRPCServer):

def _dispatch(self, method, params):

try: func = getattr(self, + method) except: self.logger.error("El Metodo '"+method+"' no esta soportado!") raise Exception('method "%s" is not supported' % method) else: try: ret = func(*params) self.logger.info("Llamada: "+str(method)+str(params)+" | Retorno: "+str(ret)) return ret except: self.logger.info("Llamada: "+str(method)+str(params)) self.logger.error("Error: "+str(sys.exc_type)+":"+str(sys.exc_value))

def init(self): """ This method starts an Openoffice session and initializes the XMLRPC server """

# Generate some useful constants self.EMPTY = uno.Enum("com.sun.star.table.CellContentType", "EMPTY") self.TEXT = uno.Enum("com.sun.star.table.CellContentType", "TEXT") self.FORMULA = uno.Enum("com.sun.star.table.CellContentType", "FORMULA") self.VALUE = uno.Enum("com.sun.star.table.CellContentType", "VALUE")

# Generate a Logger self.logger = logging.getLogger('pyUnoServer') hdlr = logging.FileHandler('./pyUnoServer.log') formatter = logging.Formatter('%(asctime)s %(levelname)s -- %(message)s') hdlr.setFormatter(formatter) self.logger.addHandler(hdlr) self.logger.setLevel(logging.INFO)

self.sessions = [] self.sessionSerial = 0

# Start Calc and grep the PID self.PID = os.spawnlp(os.P_NOWAIT,"/usr/bin/oocalc","","-accept=socket,host=localhost,port=2002;urp;")

self.logger.info("OOCalc Iniciado con el PID "+str(self.PID))

while 1: try: localContext = uno.getComponentContext() resolver = localContext.ServiceManager.createInstanceWithContext("com.sun.star.bridge.UnoUrlResolver", localContext ) smgr = resolver.resolve( "uno:socket,host=localhost,port=2002;urp;StarOffice.ServiceManager" ) remoteContext = smgr.getPropertyValue( "DefaultContext" ) self.desktop = smgr.createInstanceWithContext( "com.sun.star.frame.Desktop",remoteContext) self.logger.info("Sistema conectado al socket de UNO") break except: time.sleep(0.5)

def openSession(self, session): """ This method opens a new session. Sample usage from PHP: - $sessionString is your a session ID provided by your program):

$openSession = array( new XML_RPC_VALUE($sessionString, "string")); $sessionID = queryXMLRPC($client, "openSession", $openSession); return $sessionID; """

currentSerial = -1

for i in range(0,len(self.sessions)): if self.sessions[i][0] == session: currentSerial = i break

if currentSerial == -1: self.sessions.append([session,[]]) currentSerial = len(self.sessions)-1

return currentSerial

def getSessions(self): return self.sessions

def openBook(self, session, bookPath): """ This method opens a new Openoffice spreadsheet book. Sample usage from PHP: - $sessionID is the session's ID returned by openSession() - $path is the path to the book in the server's filesystem

$openBookQuery = array( new XML_RPC_VALUE($sessionID, "int"), new XML_RPC_VALUE($path,"string") ); $bookID = queryXMLRPC($client, "openBook", $openBookQuery); return $bookID; """

currentSerial = session bookPath = bookPath.strip() print bookPath

exists = os.path.exists(bookPath) if exists == False: raise Exception('El libro %s no existe', bookPath) else: self.logger.info("se ha encontrado el libro!")

currentBook = -1

for i in range(0, len(self.sessions[currentSerial][1])): try:

book = self.sessions[currentSerial][1][i]

bookname = book[0] bookhandler = book[1] bookmodtime = book[2]

if bookname == bookPath: modtime = os.path.getmtime(bookPath) if (modtime > bookmodtime): book[1].dispose() self.sessions[currentSerial][1].remove(book) else: currentBook = i break except: self.logger.error("El libro "+currentBook+" no existe!")

if (currentBook < 0 ): handler = self.desktop.loadComponentFromURL( "file://" + bookPath ,"_blank",0,())

if(handler == None): raise Exception('El libro no existe o tiene caracteres extraños...')

modtime = os.path.getmtime(bookPath)

estruct = [bookPath,handler,modtime] self.sessions[currentSerial][1].append(estruct) currentBook = len(self.sessions[currentSerial][1])-1

return currentBook

def closeBook(self, sessionID, bookID):

books = self.sessions[sessionID][1]

# Close the document. It doesn't look very elegant but thats the way is documented. books[bookID][1].dispose() self.sessions[sessionID][1].remove(books[bookID])

return 1

def getBookSheets(self, sessionID, bookID): """ This method return an array with the book's worksheets. Sample usage from PHP: - $sessionID is the session's ID returned by openSession() - $bookID is the book's ID returned by openBook()

$sheetsQuery = array( new XML_RPC_VALUE($sessionID, "int"), new XML_RPC_VALUE($bookID, "int") ); $sheets = queryXMLRPC($client, "getBookSheets" , $sheetsQuery); return $sheets; """

sheets = self.sessions[sessionID][1][bookID][1].getSheets().createEnumeration()

container = [] while(sheets.hasMoreElements()): currentSheet = sheets.nextElement() container.append(currentSheet.getName().encode("UTF-8"))

return container

def getCellValue (self,sheet,x,y):

cell = sheet.getCellByPosition(x,y) cellType = cell.getType()

if cellType == self.TEXT : data = cell.getString().encode("UTF-8") if data == None: return "" return data.encode("UTF-8")

if cellType == self.FORMULA or cellType == self.VALUE : data = cell.getValue() if data == None: return 0 return cell.getValue()

if cellType == self.EMPTY : return ""

def getCell(self, session, book, sheet, x, y): """ This method returns the content of a cell. Sample usage from PHP: - $sessionID is the session's ID returned by openSession() - $bookID is the book's ID returned by openBook() - $sheet is the sheet's ID as returned by getBookSheets()

$query = array( new XML_RPC_Value($sessionID, "int"), new XML_RPC_VALUE($bookID, "int"), new XML_RPC_VALUE($sheet, "int"), new XML_RPC_Value($x, "int"), new XML_RPC_Value($y, "string") );

$result = queryXMLRPC($client, "getCell", $query); return $result; """

sheetref = self.sessions[session][1][book][1].getSheets().getByIndex(sheet) valor = self.getCellValue(sheetref,x,y) return valor

def setCell(self,session,book,sheet,x,y,value): """ This method sets the content of a cell. Sample usage from PHP: - $sessionID is the session's ID returned by openSession() - $bookID is the book's ID returned by openBook() - $sheet is the sheet's ID as returned by getBookSheets()

$query = array( new XML_RPC_Value($sessionID, "int"), new XML_RPC_VALUE($bookID, "int"), new XML_RPC_VALUE($sheet, "int"), new XML_RPC_Value($x, "int"), new XML_RPC_Value($y, "int"), new XML_RPC_Value($value, "string") );

$result = queryXMLRPC($client, "setCell", $query); return $result; """

bookObject = self.sessions[session][1][book][1] cell = bookObject.getSheets().getByIndex(sheet).getCellByPosition(x,y) cell.setValue(value) return 1

#what will change? mmm... def massiveSetCell(self, data): for valores in data: session,sheetid,x,y,valor = valores.split("|") code = self.setCell(self.trim(session),self.trim(sheetid),self.trim(x),self.trim(y),valor) if code < 0: return code return 1

def getSheetPreview(self,session,book,sheet):

sheet = self.sessions[session][1][book][1].getSheets().getByIndex(sheet) range = sheet.getCellRangeByPosition(0,0,8,23).getDataArray() return range

def trim(self, cadena): return cadena.strip()

server = PyUNOServer(("localhost", 8000))

server.init() server.logger.info("Servicio Inicializado...")

try: server.serve_forever() except KeyboardInterrupt: server.logger.info("Cerrando el socket...") server.server_close() os.kill(server.PID,1) server.logger.info("Socket cerrado.")



  1. !/bin/bash

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/lib/openoffice/program/ export PYTHONPATH=$PYTHONPATH:/usr/lib/openoffice/program export DISPLAY=localhost:1 echo "Logging en pyUnoServer.log" python pyUnoServerV2.py echo "CHAO!"

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