HSQLDB:Tips and Tricks

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The Base FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

How to connect to a "normal" (not embedded) HSQL database?

  • Connect via JDBC
  • as driver class, use org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver
  • enter the URL to your HSQL database as described in the HSQLDB documentation, and append ;default_schema=true to the URL

How to migrate data between embedded and non-embedded HSQLDB?

Starting work for this section see blog entry titled Migrating Base embedded db to HSQL server.

How to know the version of the embedded HSQLDB?

You can determine the version of the embedded HSQLDB engine with the following Basic macro

Option Explicit
Sub hsqlVersion
 Dim databaseURLOrRegisteredName As String
 databaseURLOrRegisteredName = "hsqldb"
  ' adjust this string to your needs. It needs to be the name of a registered database,
  ' or a complete URL
 Dim databaseContext As Object
 databaseContext = createUnoService( "com.sun.star.sdb.DatabaseContext" )
 Dim databaseDocument As Object
 databaseDocument = databaseContext.getByName( databaseURLOrRegisteredName )
 Dim connection As Object
 connection = databaseDocument.getConnection( "", "" )
 MsgBox "product version: " & connection.getMetaData().getDatabaseProductVersion()
End Sub

Note that this will give you a version number such as "1.8.0", but not "".

The minor version can be obtained by issuing a SQL statement in the query designer's "Direct SQL" mode:

  CALL "org.hsqldb.Library.getDatabaseFullProductVersion"()

will give you the full version. Drawbacks:

  • This is only available in and later
  • in, it - wrongly - returns :(

If you replace getDatabaseFullProductVersion in the above SQL statement with getDatabaseProductVersion, then you'll get the same result as with the macro above.

If you, for whatever reason, can not connect to embedded HSQL databases anymore, but want to know the version you're using, nonetheless, do the following:

  • create a database pointing to some external HSQLDB (new DB of type JDBC, with an URL "jdbc:hsqldb:file:foo" - this will create a HSQL database named "foo" in the processes startup directory (you can also specify a complete path).
  • create a new query in SQL view
  • enter
  CALL "org.hsqldb.Library.getFullDatabaseProductVersion"()
  • press the  Run SQL Direct  button in the toolbar
  • execute the query

How to retrieve the definition of a view

In Base once a view has been created there is no obvious way to retrieve the view definition. You can do so however using a query.

If the database had a view named View1 you would do the following:

  • Open a new Query design window, in SQL view mode.
  • Enter the following select statement -

You can not alter the definition directly in this system table, however if you select create view in Base you can turn off the designer and copy and paste the select statement that you just received, make whatever changes you need and save it as a new view.

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