Writer واسط کاربر

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فضای کاری اصلی Writer در تصویر زیر نشان داده شده است.

The main Writer workspace in Print Layout view


نوار منو (Menu Bar) در بالای پنجره Writer، درست زیر نوار عنوان (Title Bar) قرار دارد. وقتی شما یکی از منو‌ها را انتخاب می‌کنید یک زیر‌منو (Submenu) پایین می‌افتد تا دستورات را نمایش دهد.

  • File شامل دستوراتی است که به کل سند اِعمال می‌شوند. مانند: Open, Save, وExport as PDF.
  • Edit شامل دستوراتی است که برای ویرایش سند استفاده می‌شوند. مانند Undo وFind & Replace.
  • View شامل دستوراتی برای نظارت بر نمایش سند است Zoom وWeb Layout.
  • Insert شامل دستوراتی برای درج عناصری داخل سند است headers, footers, و pictures.
  • Format شامل دستوراتی برای قالب‌بندی طرح‌واره سند شما است. مانند Styles and Formatting, Paragraph, و Bullets and Numbering.
  • Table تمام دستورات درج و ویرایش جدول در سند متنی را نمایش می‌دهد.
  • Tools شامل توابعی است همچون Spellcheck, Customize, و Options.
  • Window شامل دستوراتی برای نمایش پنجره است.
  • Help شامل پیوند‌هایی به Help فایل, What’s This?, و اطلاعاتی درباره برنامه است. See Getting help.


رایتر انواع متعددی نوار‌ابزار دارد: چسبان, شناور, وtear-off. نوار‌ابزار‌های چسبان می‌توانند به محل‌های متفاوت منتقل شوند و یا شناور بشوند و نوار‌ابزار‌های شناور هم می‌توانند چسبان بشوند.

نوار‌ابزار چسبان بالا (موقعیت پیش‌فرض) نوار‌ابزار Standard خوانده می‌شود. نوار‌ابزار استاندارد در سر‌تا‌سر برنامه‌های اپن‌آفیس استوار است.

دومین نوار‌ابزار سر‌تا‌سر بالا (محل پیش‌فرض) نوار‌ابزار قالب بندی یا (Formatting) است که حساس نسبت به متن (Context-Sensitive) است و در پاسخ به موقعیت جاری مکان‌نما و یا موقعیت انتخاب‌شده ابزار‌های مرتبط را نشان می‌دهد. برای مثال، وقتی مکان‌نما روی تصویر است نوار‌ابزار قالب‌بندی ابزار‌هایی را برای قالب‌بندی تصویر‌ها تهیه می‌کند و وقتی مکان‌نما روی متن است ابزار‌های نمایش داده‌شده، ابزار‌های قالب‌بندی متن هستند.

نشان دادن یا پنهان کردن نوار‌ابزار‌ها

برای نشان دادن و یا پنهان کردن نوار‌ابزار‌ها View>Toolbars را برگزینید.

Submenus and tear-off toolbars

Toolbar icons with a small triangle to the right will display submenus, tear-off toolbars, and other ways of selecting things, depending on the icon.

Example of a submenu
Example of a tear-off toolbar

The tear-off toolbars can be floating or docked along an edge of the screen or in one of the existing toolbar areas. To move a floating tear-off toolbar, drag it by the title bar. See Moving toolbars.

Moving toolbars

To move a docked toolbar, place the mouse pointer over the toolbar handle, hold down the left mouse button, drag the toolbar to the new location, and then release the mouse button.

Moving a docked toolbar

To move a floating toolbar, click on its title bar and drag it to a new location.

Moving a floating toolbar

Floating toolbars

Writer includes several additional context-sensitive toolbars, whose defaults appear as floating toolbars in response to the cursor’s current position or selection. For example, when the cursor is in a table, a floating Table toolbar appears, and when the cursor is in a numbered or bullet list, the Bullets and Numbering toolbar appears. You can dock these toolbars to the top, bottom, or side of the window, if you wish (see Moving toolbars).

Docking/floating windows and toolbars

Toolbars and some windows, such as the Navigator and the Styles and Formatting window, are dockable. You can move, resize, or dock them to an edge.

To dock a window, do one of the following:

  • Click on the title bar of the floating window and drag it to the side until you see the outline of a box appear in the main window and then release the window. This method depends on your system’s window manager settings, so it may not work for you.
Docking a window
  • Hold down the Control key and double-click on a vacant part of the floating window to dock it in its last position. If that does not work, try double-clicking without using the Control key.

To undock a window, hold down the Control key and double-click on a vacant part of the docked window.


Customizing toolbars

You can customize toolbars in several ways, including choosing which icons are visible and locking the position of a docked toolbar. You can also add icons and create new toolbars, as described in Chapter 17.

To access a toolbar’s customization options, use the down-arrow at the end of the toolbar or on its title bar.

Customizing toolbars

To show or hide icons defined for the selected toolbar, choose Visible Buttons from the drop-down menu. Visible icons have a checkmark next to them. Click on icons to select or deselect them.

Right-click (context) menus

You can quickly access many menu functions by right-clicking on a paragraph, graphic, or other object. A context menu will pop up. Often the context menu is the fastest and easiest way to reach a function. If you’re not sure where in the menus or toolbars a function is located, you can often find it by right-clicking.


To show or hide rulers, choose View > Ruler. To enable the vertical ruler, choose Tools > Options > OpenOffice.org Writer > View and select Vertical ruler.

Turning on the vertical ruler

Status bar

The Writer status bar provides information about the document and convenient ways to quickly change some document features. From left to right, the fields are as follows.

Page number

Shows the current page number, the sequence number of the current page (if different), and the total number of pages in the document. For example, if you restarted page numbering at 1 on the third page, its page number is 1 and its sequence number is 3.

If any bookmarks have been defined in the document, a right-click on this field pops up a list of bookmarks; click on the required one.

To jump to a specific page in the document, double-click in this field. The Navigator opens (see page 13). Click in the Page Number field and type the required page number.

Page style

Shows the style of the current page. To change the page style, right-click on this field. A list of page styles pops up; choose a different style by clicking on it.

To edit the page style, double-click on this field. The Page Style dialog box opens.


Shows the language for the selected text.

Click to open a menu where you can choose another language for the selected text or for the paragraph where the cursor is located. You can also choose None to exclude the text from spellchecking or choose More... to open the Character dialog box.

Insert mode

Click to toggle between Insert and Overwrite modes when typing.

Selection mode

Click to toggle between STD (Standard), EXT (Extend), ADD (Add) and BLK (Block) selection. EXT is an alternative to Shift+click when selecting text. See Chapter 3 (Working with Text) for more information about ADD and BLK.

Digital signature

If the document has been digitally signed, an icon [[Image:]] shows in this part of the Status bar. You can double-click the icon to view the certificate.

Section or object information

When the cursor is on a section or object (such as a picture), information about that item appears in this field. Double-clicking in this area opens a relevant dialog box.

Object Information shown Dialog box opened
Picture Size and position Format Picture
List item     Level and list style Bullets and Numbering[1]
Heading Outline numbering level Bullets and Numbering1
Table Name or number and cell reference of cursor Table Format
Other (Blank) Fields (Cross References page)

1 If a list style was used with a list item or heading, no dialog box appears.

View layout

Click the appropriate icon to change between single page, side-by-side, and book layout views. You can edit the document in any view.

View layouts: single, side-by-side, book


To change the view magnification, drag the Zoom slider or click on the + and – signs. You can also right-click on the zoom level percentage to select a magnification value. Zoom interacts with the selected view layout to determine how many pages are visible in the document window.


Changing document views

Writer has several ways to view a document: Print Layout, Web Layout, and Full Screen. To access these and other choices, go to the View menu and click on the required view. (When in Full Screen view, press the Esc key to return to either Print or Web Layout view.)

When in Web Layout, you can use the Zoom slider on the Status bar, as described above. In Print Layout, you can use both the Zoom slider and the View Layout icons on the Status bar.

You can also choose View > Zoom from the menu bar to display the Zoom & View Layout dialog box, where you can set the same options as on the Status bar. In Web Layout view, most of the choices are not available.

Choosing Zoom and View Layout options

Content on this page is licensed under the Creative Common Attribution 3.0 license (CC-BY).

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